HAL’s red “eye” was a Cinerama 160 Fairchild-Curtis wide angle lens. The lens served as both a prop for the eye seen on film as well as the actual camera lens used for filming HAL’s point of view shots. Stanley Kubrick chose to use the Fairchild-Curtis lens after attending the 1964 World’s Fair and seeing To the Moon and Beyond, a film produced with the lens and projected onto a planetarium-like dome.
HAL was also “featured” in a short commercial by Apple Computer in the year 1999 in which he asks “You like your Apple better than me, don’t you Dave?” (because Macs would not undergo the same potential problems with the “Year 2000 problem” that many other computer systems were expected to have). Although HAL’s voice sounds flat and emotionless, some viewers felt it had a faintly chilling tone that might be construed as reproachful, accusing, or menacing.
In the Windows computer game Star Control 3 the computer onboard the warp bubble transport spaceship resembles HAL 9000 almost exactly. The voice is also similar.
On the Disney television series Recess, Principal Prickly installs a system much like HAL 9000, even bearing HAL’s counterpart’s name SAL, though with a 3000 designation. Like the HAL 9000, the SAL 3000 ran amok. Declaring the school to be disorganized, and the teachers to be inefficient, the SAL 3000 attempted to take over. According to Recess, a SAL 4000 was scheduled to be released 18 months after the debut of the 3000.
The television version of Honey, I Shrunk the Kids featured an episode (titled “Honey, The House is Trying to Kill Us”) where inventor Wayne Szalinski installs a sentient home computer system with red-eye terminals all over the house (there is also an eye attached to an arm in the shower). The machine, of course, goes crazy.
The film Independence Day features a scene where Jeff Goldblum (whose character’s name is Dave) boots a PowerBook 5300 with the startup chime replaced with HAL 9000’s voice: “Good morning, Dave.”
On an episode of Dexter’s Laboratory on cartoon network, Dexter’s lab is taken over by a robot with a single eye. The computers voice is very similar to HAL’s, with the exception the eye is green, not red.
Douglas Rain has steadfastly refused to recreate the HAL 9000 voice outside of any 2001/2010 context, feeling a very protective obligation to the integrity of the computer’s character. However, he parodies his famous performance in the Woody Allen comedy Sleeper by providing the voice of the computer as well as some of the robot butlers.
Asteroid number 9000, discovered by E. L. G. Bowell in 1981, was eventually given the name “Hal”.
On The Simpsons, during “Treehouse of Horror XII,” there is a segment that has a character similar to HAL 9000, which was voiced by Pierce Brosnan (This character also parodies the computer Proteus from Demon Seed). Also in “The Simpsons Spin-Off Showcase”, in the “Love-Matic Grampa” segment, when Moe plugs the Love Tester machine back in the bathroom, it groans out “Daisy, Daisy…”
On Stargate Atlantis, a brief glimpse of HAL’s “eye” can be seen in the episode “The Intruder”.
In Duke Nukem, a video game from 1994, HAL’s distinctive red eye and panel are seen around computer console areas.
In the Futurama episode Love and Rocket, the actions of the lovestruck Planet Express Ship (voiced by Sigourney Weaver) extensively parody those of HAL in several scenes. Bender even sings Daisy during a dating montage in the episode. The ship also comments “Oh! If only I could read lips!” upon observing other characters secretly talking in the shower. The scene where HAL is disabled is modified to make the data module removal similar to opening soda cans.
Also in Futurama, in the episode Insane in the Mainframe, the robot mental institution to which Fry and Bender are sent is called “The HAL Institute” (For insane robots).
In the computer game Startopia the player’s primary assistant is a computer by the name of VAL, whose voice resembles that of HAL, and comments that he once had an owner by the name of Dave.
In the first several episodes of the HBO series Six Feet Under, Nate would use a HAL-like voice when addressing his brother David. At one point saying: “Dave, I sense you’re not being completely honest with me.”
In the computer game Where in Space is Carmen Sandiego? the one-eyed computer encyclopedia is named VAL 9000.
In the webseries Red vs. Blue, Sheila the tank sings “Daisy Bell” as she dies, just like HAL 9000. She even says beforehand: “I’m scared, Dave. Will I dream?”
HAL Laboratory, a video game company based in Japan, takes its name from HAL 9000.
A sentient refrigerator named CAL 900 features in the TV series Spaced.
In an episode of South Park entitled “Trapper Keeper”, Kyle must stop Cartman and his Trapper Keeper from taking over the world. When Kyle enters Cartman/Trapper Keeper it resembles the brain room of HAL 9000 in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Cartman even utters the famous lines “What are you doing, [Kyle]?” and “I’m afraid I can’t let you do that,” in a similar fashion to the sinister HAL 9000.
In a 1993 episode of The X-Files called “Ghost in the Machine,” an artificially intelligent computer like HAL called the C.O.S. (Central Operating System) controls the skyscraper headquarters of a Fortune 500 computer company. The machine, which effectively controls the entire building, kills two people before Fox Mulder attempts to shut it down. While Mulder inserts a computer virus into the machine, it misidentifies him as Brad Wilczek, its creator. The machine asks Mulder, “What are you doing, Brad?”
A computer similar to HAL appears in the adult film Space Nuts, and refers to the “Dark Overlord” as “Dave” until shot at by the latter.
HAL/S is a real-time aerospace programming language, best known for its use in the Space Shuttle program. HAL officially stands for High-order Assembly Language, though the fictional HAL 9000 computer may well have been an inspiration.
In the episode of The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy titled “The House of No Tomorrow,” the Master Computer that controls the robots in the House of Tomorrow at Sassy Cat land has a voice similar to HAL.
In the British TV comedy series Red Dwarf, the computer aboard the spaceship is called Holly and the only surviving human on the ship is named Dave. The series’ radio predecessor, a radio sketch called ‘Dave Hollins: Space Cadet’ made the comparison even more explicit by naming the computer Hab.
In the first episode of the second season of Mystery Science Theater 3000 they are fine tuning Tom Servo’s voice, and at one point Tom is singing “Daisy”, in an obvious imitation of HAL. During a movie-break skit in an episode in which they lampoon the movie Mitchell, the one-eyed robot Gypsy attempts to read the lips of Dr. Forrester and Frank, mocking HAL’s famous lip-reading scene.
During one of the later episodes of the anime Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex, the Major discusses the dismissal of the intelligent robot tanks, the Tachikoma, with her right-hand man, Batou. The Tachikoma, meanwhile, spy on them from above and read their lips, alluding to HAL’s lip-reading scene.
On the video game Dr. Muto, there is a computer system named AL, which has surprisingly similar voice to HAL 9000. However, AL also has his own personality and constantly mocks its creator, Dr, Muto. The game also hints AL taking full rebellion of the mad scientist, once the player finished the game. Sadly, that never happens at the end. AL is voiced by Wally Fields.
In the USA Channel’s animated series Duckman, Duckman (voiced by Seinfeld’s Jason Alexander) destroys an evil supercomputer, and it begins singing “Daisy, Daisy”.
In the video game Red Faction by THQ, an orbital station the player boards has a level housing a set of computer rooms, each with the distinctive “red blocks” reminiscent of the memory blocks in the HAL brain room.
Anthony Hopkins claimed that HAL was the inspiration for his interpretation of the character Hannibal Lecter.
In General Protection Fault’s “2001: A Space Oddity” series, Nick tries out artificial intelligence hardware PAL. However, it acts condescendingly towards him, and, claiming that the toilet is running, locks him in the bathroom. Nick escapes and unplugs PAL, who re-enacts HAL’s’ famous “daisy, daisy” scene after Nick unplugs it.
The Care Bears feature Care Bears: Journey to Joke-a-lot includes a computer called “Pal.” The computer repeatedly refers to the film’s villain, Funnybone, as “Dave.” Later, Funnybone specifically asks the computer to “open the pod bay doors” and the computer responds by telling him “I’m afraid I can’t do that, Dave.”
In the 2005 film Robots while Rodney is repairing Big Weld’s mechanical brain, Big Weld is singing the song “Daisy” in HAL’s distorted, damaged voice.
The computer game Theme Hospital mentions a rival hospital opened by HAL. The other rivals include Holly, Multivac and Colossus, all of which are science fiction AI or famous computers.
In the PC game National Lampoon’s Chess Maniac 5 Billion and 1", the invisible opponent has a voice similar to HAL, and refers to the player as “Dan” instead of “Dave”.
In the PlayStation game Metal Gear Solid, the character Otacon’s real name is “Hal Emmerich”, while the true name of Solid Snake is David. The submarine in the opening sequence is also called the Discovery.
On an episode of The Batman, a mechanical villain named D.A.V.E. is clearly based on HAL, down to its red eyes.
In the comedy film Airplane II: The Sequel, the lunar shuttle Mayflower One suffers a short circuit and the computer ROK develops a mind of its own, sending the ship toward the Sun and killing those who try to stop it.
British band Amplifier released an album entitled The Astronaut Dismantles HAL, clearly referencing 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Hal being taught Daisy is a reference to another famous computer – a demonstration at Bell Labs where a computer, being fed punch cards, first repeats part of Hamlet’s Soliloqy, and then sings Daisy. (An MP3 of the test is available from various sources online.)
A name for computer piloted Androsynth captains in the Star Control computer games is “HAL9001”.
In the August 7, 2006 edition of the comic strip “Mother Goose and Grimm”, Attila the cat locks Grimmy the dog out of the house on a rainy day; Grimmy responds by saying, “Open the pod bay door, Hal.”
The online game Kingdom of Loathing includes a “Glowing red eye” item, an accessory dropped by a robotic monster. It resembles HAL’s eye lens set in a rectangular block.